Lesson Plan Ideas for the Gg sound.

Letter Sound for Gg

Objective: To help children recognize the hard Gg sound in words, and how to form the letter Gg.

Preparation:

  • Have Phonics By Spelling books with pictures and music.  https://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/
  • Prepare grape juice or plan to pretend to gulp grape juice.
  • Collect some pictures with the hard Gg sound as the beginning sound and letter.
  • Copy a word family worksheet for each child.  word family bug words
  • Copy the Nursery Rhyme “Good Night , Sleep Tight” .
  • Have their name cards.
  • Have magnet letters, or letter cards with lowercase letters.
  • It is good to do the “J” sound soon and show how “G” can have the “J” sound when it is followed by an “e”, “i” or “y”.

Lesson:

Listen to at least 10 songs in Phonics By Spelling books including Gg.

Replay the “Gg, Gulping Grape Juice” song.   When we gulp our juice or water we make the Gg sound.  Drink grape juice or pretend to gulp grape juice.  Keep the sound crisp (No Uh).

Read the Nursery Rhyme, “Good Night, Sleep Tight”.

  • Good night, sleep tight.
  • Don’t let the bed bugs bite.
  • Wake up gright
  • In the morning light
  • To do what’s right
  • With all your might.

Talk about “good” having the Gg sound at the beginning and “bug” having it at the end. Do any of the words have the “Ll” sound?  Or “Mm”?  Or “Rr”?

Show pictures of things that have the hard Gg sound at the beginning, and some other pictures.   “Which pictures have the “Gulping Grape Juice” sound?”   Write some Gg words on sticky notes, and put them on the wall card or word wall.  (go, got, girl)

Introduce some 3 letter words with g at the end like bug, pig, etc.

Take the children’s name cards and see who has a Gg in their name.  Talk about their “G” if it has the “J” sound, is silent or is with an “H” to make the “F” sound.

Show the children the different fonts for “G”.  Have the children write in the air the lowercase “g”, by starting like a c then going back to the top and coming down and finishing the letter with a hook.  Have them write several “g”‘s.

Activities:

  •  Use letter cards or magnet letters to make word family words with a “g” at the end.   Put “ig” or “ug” together.  Let the children pick from some of the consanants and put it in front and see if it makes a word.  (pig, wig, gig, fig, bug, rug, tug, jug, etc.)
  • Give each child a word family worksheet and read together each word, then have the children draw a picture for each word.

Cornbread

Cornbread  (gluten free)

Mix together:

  • 2 cups rice flour
  • 2 cups cornmeal
  • 2 tsp. Xanthan gum
  • 4 tsp. baking powder
  • 1  1/2 salt
  • 4 eggs
  • 2 cups water or milk
  • 1/2 cup oil or applesauce
  • 1/2 cup honey

Pour into greased 9 x 13 pan. 

Bake 425 degrees for 25-30 minutes.

Serve with honey-butter.

Tips:  If you have a grain mill, brown rice and unpopped popcorn make great flour for this recipe.  It also works well to put all the dry ingredients in ziplock bags in the freezer to use later.  It makes a fast wonderful cornbread.   Everyone will love it. 

Food Groups: Grain

Food Groups

Grain

Objective: Introduce the grain group and the importance of the vitamins, minerals and fiber attained from it.

Preparations:

  • Magazines with a lot of pictures of food.
  • Make a bulletin board with a large circle, divided into 4 sections to look like a plate. And a smaller circle or glass shape in the upper right hand corner to represent a glass of milk. Label each section Fruit, Vegetable, Protein, Grain and Dairy. See example of what it should look like at  http://www.choosemyplate.gov .  (You can print out the “coloring sheet” from this website and have each child make their own collage to take home.) http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/MyPlate/ColoringSheet.pdf
  • Glue sticks
  • Grain in various form (Wheat, crackers, flour, pasta,etc.)
  • Suggested book: The Grain Group by Helen Frost
    Corn by Gail Gibbons

Lesson:

Read a book then discuss Grains.

  • The Grain Group is an important part of our daily diet because it provides us with the important Carbohydrates and Fiber that we need.
  • Carbohydrates help bodies produce energy that we need to be active.
  • Fiber helps regulate digestion and can help decrease the risk of certain cancers.
  • Enriched grains also contain Iron and Vitamin B. Iron carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Vitamin B helps in the use and release of energy in our body.
  • It also helps maintain the health of our blood, skin, and nervous system.
  • The grain group contains any food made from grain which is the seed part of plants.  Some common grains are wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, and barley. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, cereal, rice, crackers, and tortillas are foods made from grain.
  • We should eat grains daily but the amount you needs depends on age and weight.
  • The more whole grains the better. 

Activities:

My Plate Collage (This activity can be as a part of a lesson from each food group over several days)

  • Have children find and cut out pictures of food from the grain group from the magazines
  • Have them apply glue to the back and stick it on to the grain section of the poster.

Another fun activity is to make tortillas, corn bread or wheat bread with the children. Tortillas, Cornbread and Wheat Bread recipes are also on our blog.  Here is the link to the tortilla recipe:  http://phonicsbyspelling.wordpress.com/2014/09/11/tortillas/ 

 

 

Food Group: Fruit

Food Groups

Fruit

Objective:  Introduce the fruit food group and the importance of the vitamins, minerals and fiber attained from fruit.

Preparation:     IMG_2503

  • Magazines with a lot of pictures of food.
  • A bulletin board can be made with poster paper with a large circle drawn on it and divided into 4 sections to look like a plate. And a smaller circle in the upper right hand corner to represent a glass of milk. Label each section Fruit, Vegetable, Protein, Grain and Dairy. See example of what it should look like at ChooseMyPlate.gov  Hang the poster somewhere in the classroom like a bulletin board.
  • Glue.
  • Fruits in various form. (canned, fresh, dried, etc.)
  • Print and make Fruit book.  book fruit  Have crayons ready to finish books.
  • Suggested books:

    • Gregory, The Terrible Eater by Mitchel Sharmat

      Eating the Alphabet: Fruits and Vegetables from A to Z  by Lois Ehlert

    • The Very Hungry Caterpiller by Eric Carle

Lesson:

 Read a book then discuss Fruit.

  • The fruit group is made up of all fruits.
  • Fruits are the edible part of the plant that contain the seeds and the juicy part around the seed.  
  • Fruit are usually juicy, colorful and sweet.
  • Like vegetables, fruit have been found to help prevent many serious illnesses as well as vision loss.
  • Different fruits are high in fiber and a variety of vitamins and minerals such as: potassium, fiber, vitamin C, folic acid
  • Fruits are low in calories so they make a sweet, filling treat.

Discussion questions:

  • What are some fruits?
  • What is your favorite fruit?

Activities:  

  • My Plate Collage (This activity can be as a part of a lesson from each food group over several days)  You can use the coloring sheet from the government website or make a large plate and cup for a bulletin board. Have children find and cut out pictures of fruit from the magazines.  Have them apply glue to the back and stick it onto the fruit section of the poster.
  • A simple book can be made with the children. The pdf is included in the preparations.     book fruit       fruit book page2 3 001
  • Another fun activity is to make Fruit Salad with the children.  (We have a fruit salad recipe on our blog. )

Fruit Salad

Fruit Salad

Take an assortment of fruits (fresh and canned).  It is fun to let children bring a fruit to add to the salad.  With help they can help to cut the fruit.   Here are some suggestions of fruits to use.

  • banana
  • apple
  • pear
  • peach
  • strawberries
  • blueberries
  • grapes
  • Mix it all together with canned pineapple canned in its own juice.

Eating Healthy / Food Groups

Eating Healthy / Food Groups

Objective: Children will learn about nutrition and food groups.

Materials:

  • Paper plates

  • Markers, crayons or colored pencils.

  • Magazines with a large variety of pictures of food.

  • Simple pictures of foods from each food group (protein, fruit, vegetables, grain and dairy).

  • Scissors

  • Cardstock

  • Suggested book:

      • Eating the Alphabet: Fruits and Vegetables from A to Z  by Lois Ehlert

Preparation:

  • Make a “plate” by cutting a large circle. Draw lines dividing it into four parts (as shown in picture). Label each of the food groups in each section: fruit; vegetables; grain; protein. Make a glass representing the milk or just make a smaller circle, label it “dairy”. Put them on the bulletin board.
  • Draw lines on paper plates dividing them and labeling each section in the same manner as above.

  • Draw and label with “dairy” a picture of a glass of milk (or a smaller circle) printed on cardstock.  (You may want to print several on one sheet.)

Lesson:

  • Read the book(s) then discuss while showing pictures.
    • Discuss each of the food groups and some of the foods that fit into each category.
    • Discuss sweets and foods that are unhealthy and should be avoided or limited.
  • Have the children sort the pictures into the 5 different food groups.

Activities: 

My plate bulletin board

  • Have the children find and cut out pictures of a food from each group in the magazines, then glue them to the large plate on bulletin board.

My plate

  • Have the children draw a food from each group on their paper plate.
  • Write what the children drew under their drawing.
  • Have the children cut out the milk, then staple the “milk” to the top right edge of the plate.

More info, tips, and resources can be found at www.choosemyplate.gov

Note:  This lesson can be taught in 6 lessons, one for each food group and a review on the 6th day.  Work on the bulletin board plate each day with each food group, then on the review day do the paper plate activity. 

It is also fun to have a food experience with each food group.  Some ideas are to have the children bring something to add to the fruit salad, nut cups, vegetable soup or tray, etc.

Telling on other Children

     sidebar-children         Tattling

When I was a child, we called telling on other children, TATTLING.  This is a hard issue because children need to know they can say if something is truly wrong, but when children tattle on every little thing it is very disruptive in a class or home.  Also, children need to learn to resolve some of their own differences with children and adults.   Here are a few ideas for helping children do their own work and learn to resolve their differences:

  • Sometimes children need to be seated differently, so it isn’t so easy for them to mother the other children.
  • Have the rule: We all do our own work.
  • When a child complains about how someone isn’t sharing, etc., encourage them to use their words and ask for a turn.  Most children like to share if they are asked nicely.
  • Encourage them to make sure they are doing what they should.
  • Praise children that are doing their own work.
  • When doing cooperative play or projects, encourage them to let their friends help.
  • Have a discussion about what kind of things are important to tell the teacher or parent and what things they can resolve themselves.  Knowing this will create successful students and adults.  Bullying can never be tolerated and children need to understand that they can tell.
  • Everyone has a personal inner guide, conscience, or holy spirit.  It is good to help children, especially children older than 8, find their inner guide and listen to it.  This can help children know when to tell and when to resolve it themselves.
  • Don’t use the word, Tattling when talking about this problem.  It is better to use words that point them in the direction they need to go like, “Use your words.” “Do your own work.” “Make sure you are being a good friend to everyone.”  Negative labels never help.

This is hard skill to master, but it is an important part of growing up.  No one wants friends that are continually tattling and tattling doesn’t work well in the job world.  It is important to know when to say something to stop bullying and abuse.  Please comment with ideas you have for working on these issues.

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