WORKSHEETS—USE OR DON’T USE?

 WORKSHEETS—USE OR DON’T USE?  

  worksheet for SH 001

Worksheets have received a bad name in recent years.  Many people think of them as just busy work.  Worksheets have been over used in the past, but as an evaluation and hands on learning tool worksheets are very valuable.

Here are some questions to ask if a workbook or worksheet is worth using:

  • Can this worksheet evaluate a child’s knowledge of a concept?
  • Can this worksheet help a child practice a concept just taught?
  • Can this worksheet help a child learn a new concept?

If the answer is yes to any of these questions, then enjoy the use of worksheets.

Here are some tips for successful worksheet use:

  • The teacher needs to be a part of doing worksheets, so any mistakes can be fixed on the spot and all worksheets are finished correctly.
  • Be careful to never use too many worksheets in one lesson.
  • Many workbooks can be cut apart and put in sheet protectors into a binder, then the pages can be done with washable markers.

As a teacher, I find worksheets a valuable tool that children love doing. We have fun reproducible worksheets for some phonetic sounds to purchase on our website.     http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/Reproducible-Workbook-The-Other-Sounds-12.htm

Check out our free worksheets in these blog entries titled: Review Consonant Letter Sounds, and Long Vowel Simple Sight Words .

Enjoy your time with the little ones in your life.

For more educational products and information visit www.phonicsbyspelling.com

Strawberry Tart (Fun to make with the AR sound.)

       Strawberry Tart

Crust: (no shortening)  (can us gluten-free flour)

  • 1/3 c. whole wheat flour or unbleached flour
  • pinch of salt
  • 1 c. unbleached flour
  • 1/3 c. oil
  • 3 tbsp. milk or water

Mix flours and salt together. Mix milk and oil in a separate bowl. Add oil mixture to flour mixture and mix with a fork until mixed.  Mix as little as possible.  Roll out between wax paper. Take off wax paper on one side.  Line muffin cups, tart pans. custard cups or a pie pan with crust, then take off the wax paper.  Poke crust with a fork, then bake at 475 for 10-15 minutes.

Filling:

Wash and cut strawberries and fill pastry crust.

Cook:     

  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1  1/4 cups raspberry juice
  •  4 t. cornstarch

Mix cornstarch with 1/4 c. cold juice. Bring the rest of the juice and sugar to a boil. Stir in cornstarch mixture. Cook on low for about 2 minutes or until clear and starts to thicken.  Spoon over fruit making sure to cover all the fruit.

Optional Topping:

  • 1 c. whipping cream
  • 1 T. vanilla instant pudding
  • 2-4 T. powdered sugar
  • 1/4 t. vanilla

Whip cream in a glass or metal bowl.  When the whip cream forms soft peaks, add pudding, sugar and vanilla.  Whip just until mixed.  Serve on cooled tarts.

Lesson Tips for the “AR” Sound.

      “AR” Sound      AR

Objective:  Help children recognize the sound of “AR” in words.

Preparations:

  • Print a list of words with the AR sound. (jar, star, far, bar, tar, barn, yarn, arm, farm)
  • Have paper, paint, and toy cars ready for Car Art.
  • Write words or collect pictures for a rhyming game.  (examples: car, star, bear– barn, dark, yarn– arm, shark, farm– art, sharp, harp)
  • Have a paper or worksheet for writing simple “AR” words.  (Our website has simple reproducible worksheets for the r-controlled sounds, the other vowel sounds and the digraph sounds.)  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/Reproducible-Workbook-The-Other-Sounds-12.htm   This is a sample of what we have for each sound.   reader barb      worksheet barn dot to dot     ar worksheet 001 

Lesson:

  • Discuss how the “AR” sound says “R”.
  • Read together some AR words from the list prepared.  
  • Say three words or show three pictures and have the children tell which two words rhyme.

Activities: 

Car Art:

  • Write or have the children write, “Car Art” on heavy paper with permanent markers.
  • Put one color paint and a car on one plate and put another color and a car on another plate.
  • Drive the car in the paint, then draw on the “Car Art” paper with  each car.

Write “AR” words:

  • Have the children write some simple AR words.  (car, star, arm)
  • Draw pictures to go with each word.

Farm–Animals, Plants, and Machines

     Farms

Objective:  Children will learn about animals, plants and machinery on farms.  Also learn to listen and follow directions.  (You may want to divide Farms into 3 lessons. Also it is good to teach the “AR” sound with farms.)

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of farm animals, plants and machines from books, internet, magazines or old calendars. 

  • Print the attached worksheet.  Farm following directions worksheet

  • Possibly plan a trip to a farm.

  • Suggested books:

      • Farm Flu by Teresa Bateman  

      • Big Red Barn by Margaret Wise Brown

Lesson:  Discuss farms while showing pictures.

  • Farm Animals: Discuss with pictures the types of animals found on the farm and each animals purpose.

  • Farm Plants:  Discuss with pictures the types of crops grown on the farm. Include fruit trees, garden fruits and vegetables, hay, wheat, corn, etc.

  • Farm Machines:  Discuss with pictures the types of machines found on the farm and their uses.

Activity:  Following Directions Worksheet

Give each child a worksheet and a set of crayons.

Give them directions to follow. Here are some examples:

  1. Choose a color then write your name on the top of your paper.

  2. With your blue crayon, circle all the animals.

  3. With your yellow crayon, color the animal that comes from an egg. 

  4. With your brown crayon, write the word, “Farm” on the bottom of your paper.

  5. With your red crayon, draw a square around the farm plants or crops.

  6. With your purple crayon make a triangle around the barn.

  7. With your orange crayon, color the tail and ears of the animal we get wool from.

  8. With your gray crayon, color the face of the animal we get milk from.

  9. With your green crayon, color the plant or crop used to make flour for bread. 

  10. On the back, use many colors to draw yourself on a farm with a tractor. 

Wrap Up:  Read a fun Farm book while they draw on the back of their worksheet.

Oodles of Noodles

Oodles of Noodles  (2 kinds)        20150310_161410

Fast Noodles  (Can be made with gluten-free noodles.)  Children love this.

  1. Cook 1/2 lb. curly or other noodles for half of the time on the package.
  2. Save 1/2 cup of the water and drain off the rest. Put the noodles and 1/2 c. water back in the pan.
  3. Add 1 cup of frozen petite peas, a little salt, and 1 Tablespoon chicken bouillon paste or granules.  (Better than Bouillon  is a great bouillon.)
  4. Cook on low with a lid for about 5-6 minutes, then take it off the burner and leave it for 10 or more minutes.
  5. Eat and enjoy!
  6. Fun to do when learning the OO sound like in MOON.

Homemade Noodles

  • Beat 1 egg.
  • Add: 1/2 t. salt
  • 2 T. milk.
  • Stir in 1 cup of flour.      (dough will be stiff)
  • Roll dough thin on a floured board.
  • Let rest for 30 minutes.
  • Heat to boiling:  4 cups water
  • Then add: 4 t. bouillon paste or granules, 2 t. minced onions, and 2/3 cups peas and carrots.
  • Add noodles to broth.
  • Cook on low boil for 15 minutes.  Enjoy!
  • Fun to cook when learning the Long OO sound.

The Moon

The Moon     20150310_220109

Objective:  Children learn basic facts about the moon and it’s phases.
Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of the moon in its various phases from books, magazines, old calendars or internet.
  • Black or blue construction paper: Cut in half lengthwise then fold in fourths like an accordion.
  • Print the master for the moon phases.  Moon Phases  (There will enough for 4 books.)
  • Cut the words for each child from the Moon Phases.
  • Have the 2 circles ready for each child to cut. 
  • Glue sticks.
  • Scissors for each child.
  • White crayons or pencils.
  • Suggested books:

o Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me by Eric Carle

o The Nightgown of the Sullen Moon by Nancy Willard

o So That’s How the Moon Changes Shape by Allan Fowler

o The Moon Book by Gail Gibbons

o Goodnight Moon by Margaret Wise Brown

o All about the Moon by David A. Adler

Lesson: 
Read a book or books then discuss some of these points while showing pictures:

  • The Moon is about one-quarter the size of Earth.
  • It is 238,857 miles from Earth.
  • Moons are natural satellites, or celestial bodies that orbit a planet. Some planets, like Jupiter, have several moons; Earth has only one.
  • The Moon is like a ball of rock that orbits, or goes around the Earth.
  • It takes 25 hours for the Moon to orbit Earth. Together the Moon and Earth orbit the Sun, which takes about 365 days.
  • The moon is sometimes in the sky at night and in the daytime.  
  • We see the Moon rise and set just like the Sun.
  • The Moon does not make its own light or heat like the Sun. We see the reflection of the Sun on the Moon.
  • It takes 28 days to go through all the different phases.  These are some of the phases; new moon, crescent moon, quarter moon, and full moon.
  • Scientists have launched space shuttles and satellites to help them learn more about space. In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the Moon.
  • The Moon’s surface is rocky and dusty and full of craters made by rocks that crashed into the Moon. The surface is not flat, but has mountains and valleys.
  • Scientists have not found evidence of plants or animals (or aliens) on the Moon. However, scientists believe there might have been water on the Moon.

Activity: Moon Phases Book  

  1. Have the children cut the black lines of the circles.
  2. Have the children glue “Moon Phases” the top left corner of the paper.
  3. Have them glue “New Moon” to the bottom left corner.
  4. Have them trace the full circle with a white crayon or pencil above the words, “New Moon”. 
  5. Have the children glue the word, “Crescent” at the bottom of the next part of the paper.
  6. Then have them glue the crescent shape above the word, “Crescent”.
  7. In the next part glue the words, “Quarter Moon and the semi-circle.
  8. In the last part have them glue the words “Full Moon” and the circle.
  9. Fold like a book.  Read together the book.

Who is in Charge?

sidebar-childrenWho is in charge in your school, home, scouts, etc.? 

It needs to be a teacher, parent or leader.  Be prepared and come with a plan.   Children can sense when you doubt yourself.  Keep it positive, upbeat and confident!

Children feel safe when they are with an adult that has control of the situation.  Expect children to mind and accept nothing less.   Encourage the behaviors you want and ignore or isolate the unwanted behavior.    Never just watch unwanted behavior.  That rewards that child.  Create something more interesting to do.

Example:What to do when taking a child shopping at the supermarket? 

  • Keep your focus on shopping and the child.  Involve the child in the shopping experience.  (No cell phones or any long conversations with other adults) 
  • Have them help look for items or have them count out an amount of some item. 
  • Don’t ask them what they want or give them big choices.  
  • Never let the shopping become what the child wants.  This is your shopping list. 
  • If a child asks for things say something like “It isn’t on the list. Maybe we could plan to get it another time.” or “Remember candy you buy with your own money.” 
  • If a child starts fussing about something say: “I never buy for fussing children.” then ignore them. 
  • Don’t tell children you will buy them something if they are good, because it creates more problems than it solves.  
  • Never turn control of the shopping trip over to the child.   Continue to focus on the list, the shopping and the behaving child. 
  • NEVER give into tantrum children or they will tantrum again!

Be in charge and everyone will be happier.

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