Mammals

Mammals    20141208_133905

Objective: Children will learn the characteristics of mammals and how they compare to other animals. 
Preparation:

    • Find drawings or pictures of mammals and other types of animals from books, internet, magazines or old calendars.

    • Make word cards for the words, Mammals, Animals, Yes, and No.

    • Have paper and crayons.

  • Suggested books:

      • Giraffes Can’t Dance by Giles Andreae
      • The Hat by Jan Brett
Lesson:
Read the book(s) then discuss while showing pictures.
Discuss the characteristics of mammals

    • All mammals are warm-blooded.

    • Most young are born alive.

    • They have hair or fur on their bodies.

    • Every mammal is a vertebrate. 

    • All mammals have lungs to breathe air.

    • Mammals feed milk to their babies.

Activities:

Play the Yes and No game with pictures of different animals.  “Is this a mammal?” Then place the animal on the yes or no pile.  (This gives an opportunity to discuss characteristics of different animals.)

Have children draw their favorite mammal.  Write the name of the mammal on the picture.   

http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

 

Time – Years, Months, Days of the Week

Time – Years, Months, Days of the Week
(This is a good lesson for just after the New Year.)
Objective:  Help children understand how Time Words relate to them.  (This can be taught over 2 different lessons.)
Preparation:
  •  Make a word cards for the words “time”, “year”, “months of the year”, calendar”, and “days of the week”.
  •  Have the months of the year on a poster or cards by the calendar.  (Picture of my school calendar included.)
  •  Prepare to sing “The Months of the Year”.  (Sing to the tune of “Ten Little Indians” or some other tune you like.)
  •  Prepare to sing “Today is Monday”.  (Can use Eric Carle’s book or make a pocket chart.)
  • Make up a “Days of the Week” book for each child.  Downloadable PDF link:   book days of the week.
  • A “Months of the Year” book could also be made. 
Lesson:
  • Discuss Year.  Then put the word Year on the Calendar.  Write the Year next to the word.   (Year  2016)
  • Put up the word card, “months of the year”.  Sing “The Months of the Year to the tune of Ten Little Indians:    (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.  These are the months of the year.)
  • Find each child’s month of their birthday.  Sing the song again with each child standing when their month is sung.  Sing slowly. Talk about the current month.
  • Put word card for the Days of the Week on the calendar.  Sing or read “Today is Monday”.
  • Talk about the days of the week and which day is today.
Activity: Have each child make a “Days of the Week Book”. 
Have each child draw something they do on each day of the week.  Sunday-church or family dinner, Tuesday-school, Saturday-daddy plays with me, etc.  School might be more than one day, so pick out something special that happens on a particular day.  Like Thursday is Popcorn Day.

Winter

Winter        snowflakes part 1 001     snowflakes part 2 001

Objective: Children learn about winter and its weather.

Preparation:

  • winter pictures from magazines, calendars and the internet.
  • coffee filters
  • scissors
  • Suggested Books:

            Curious George in the Snow By H.A. Rey

            The Snowy Day By Ezra Jack Keats

            A Day on Skates By Hilda van Stockum

            Snowmen at Night By Caralyn Buehner

            Snowflake Bently By Jacqueline Briggs Martin

            The Snowman By Raymond Briggs

            A Winter’s Tale By Beatrix Potter

Lesson:

Read a book(s) then discuss Winter.

  • The tilt of the Earth creates the seasons. The tilted Earth causes different parts of the Earth to directly face the Sun, while other parts are hit indirectly by the sun’s rays causing the weather to be colder.  (This can be shown with a globe and a lamp.)
  • Winter is the coldest season of the year. We must wear warm clothes like gloves, hats, scarves, coats and boots.
  • In the winter we have less daylight.
  • Winter is the time we get to play in the snow. We like to build snowmen, make snow angels and throw snowballs. We can also do winter sports like skiing, sledding and ice skating.
  • Snowflakes have 6 points. 

Activity:  Make coffee filter snowflakes.

  snowflakes part 1 001     snowflakes part 2 001

This activity is a fun and an easy way to make paper snowflakes. 

  1. Flatten coffee filter
  2. Fold it in half
  3. Fold the half into thirds
  4. Then fold in half again.
  5. Cut shapes along the folded edges and the outside edge of the filter.

 Check out our website for fun phonics and reading materials.  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/ 

 

Gingerbread People

DSC_7425Gingerbread Men or People

Fun, easy, delicious recipe to do with children.

Mix with a mixer:

  • 1 c. butter
  • 1 c. brown sugar
  • 1 egg
  • 1 c. molasses

Sift or mix together:

  • 5 c. flour
  • 1 1/2 t. soda
  • 1/2 t. salt
  • 1 t. ginger
  • 1 1/2 t. cinnamon
  • 1/2 t. cloves

Mix wet and dry ingredients together.

Chill for about an hour.

Cut with people cookie cutters. Decorate with raisins, chocolate chips, slivered almonds, licorice, and/or tiny candies.

Bake in the oven at 375 for 10 minutes.

Enjoy!

The Senses: Smell

The Sense of Smell

Objective: Children will learn about the sense of smell with discovery.  (More senses this week.)

Materials:  Have as many of the following scents on a cotton ball in separate small opaque jars:

  • vanilla
  • lemon juice
  • cinnamon
  • vinegar
  • laundry soap
  • perfume
  • honey
  • peanut butter
  • mint
  • bubble gum
  • garlic
  • onion
  • Suggested book:
    • You Can’t Smell A Flower With Your Ear. by Joanna Cole
    • Me And My Senses by Joan Sweeney
    • Smelling by Sharon Gordon

Lesson:

Read part or all of a book.  

Our sense of smell is in our nose – inside the nostrils is a special area which catches a smell in the air, then sends a message the brain, and then the brain tells what the smell is.

Discussion questions:

  1. What is your favorite smell?
  2. What are some bad smells?
  3. Why do you think you can’t smell very well if you have a stuffy nose or a cold?
  4. Do certain smells remind you of particular events or places?

Activity:

Have each child smell one of the jars.  Have them wait to guess until each child has had a chance to smell the scent.  Continue in the same way with every jar, until each has smelled each scent.

More things on our website.  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

The Senses: Touch

touch hand

The Sense of Touch

Objective:  Children learn about the sense of Touch through discovery.

Preparation:

  • Prepare a  Touch Box by taking a shoe box, cut a hole in the end, then attach the ribbed end of a sock. Put in different objects one at a time for children to feel and guess the object.

    Touch Box

    Touch Box

  • Have items for the Touch Hand activity.  These are possible items for the activity: school glue, cotton balls, Popsicle sticks, craft foam any small shape, and sandpaper, and textured wallpaper cut into 1 x 3/4 inch rectangles/
  • Copy the Touch hand on card stock.  touch hand

Suggested books:

  • Touching by Sharon Gordon
  • Magic School Bus Explores Senses by Joanna Cole
  • Me and My Senses by Joan Sweeney

Lesson:  Read part or all of a book, then discuss the sense of touch.

  • Touch originates in the skin.
  • The skin is filled with many tiny nerve endings which give information about the things your body touches. The nerves carry the information to the spine, then to the brain.
  • The most common receptors are heat, cold, pain, and pressure.  Pain receptors warn you that your body is hurt!

Activities:  

  • Use the Touch Box to offer the children items with a variety of textures and temperatures. Ask them to describe what they feel. (You can use a large paper bag with several items in it.  Then put the Touch Box in the bag, then put in 1 item, then let a child put their hand in the box and touch and guess.)
  • Give each child a Touch hand paper.  Read each word by the fingers, then find the object with that texture and glue it to that finger .

Check out our website.  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Shapes

Shapes (It is fun to teach shapes in December.)

Objective:
Help children recognize the shapes “square, triangle, rhombus” and give them exposure to the written shape words.

Preparation:

  • Make a square and a triangle with Kabob sticks and duct tape.
  • Collect pictures of squares, rhombus, and triangles.
  • Make word cards for these words. (Shapes, square, rhombus, triangle)
  • Cut a set of 3 green paper squares for each child. (5 inches, 4 inches, 3 inches)
  • Draw a straight line from one corner to the other making 2 triangles.
  • Paper to glue the green paper to.
  • White school glue.
  • Brushes for glue.
  • Scissors.
  • Glitter glue.
  • Brushes for glitter glue.
  • Small brightly colored tissue paper.

Lesson:

  • Explain the differences between the 3 shapes by using the stick shapes. Square—Four lines of the same length connected at the corners with 4 right angles. Rhombus—Four lines of the same length connected at the corners. (Push 2 corners of the Kabob stick square to make a rhombus.)  They are sometimes called diamonds. Triangles—Three lines of any length connected with 3 corners.

  • Put the words cards on a table, Pocket Chart, magnet board or poster. Sort the pictures into the right shape.

Activity:
Make pine tree pictures with green squares.

This will take 2 days to finish.

  1. Have the children cut on the line on the 3 different size green squares to make 6 triangles.
  2. Have them brush on the glue and glue the green triangles on the red paper, starting with the 2 largest ones, then the middle size ones and the smallest on the top.  It can be finished like this or do the next step on a following day.
  3. When they dry, glue on the tissue paper with glitter glue. Cover the tree with glitter glue.
  4. When the tree dries, cut out the tree.

Check out our website: http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/


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