Reading activities to help children at any stage of reading development.

 Stages of Reading DevelopmentOO

These are some ideas for helping children read at the different stages of reading. 

Adults working with children need to know:

  • Consonant sounds need to be learned crisply without adding an “uh” at the end.
  • Schwa (or lazy or UH) sound is the most common sound in the English language and all vowels sometimes make that sound.

1. Children learning to hear sounds in words.

  •    Music speeds up learning of the sounds.  We have fun music with our phonics. Contact us if you would like free music and books.  877-206-2214 
  •    Picture cards representing the sound, instead of something that starts with the sounds, is easier for young children to understand.  Example is the picture above from our Phonics By Spelling books.  The short oo sound is the sound you make when you lift something heavy like big books. Some words with that sound are; look, book, hook.  
  •    Rhyming games and activities.
  •    Reading and predictable readers.
  •    Show and Tell. Examples; Have children bring something that starts or ends with a sound or 2 items that rhyme. 
  •    Pick out the sounds in the beginning/middle/end from pictures of objects.
  •    Learn vowels and consonants.  Our Cinco game is fun for reviewing these letters and sounds. www.phonicsbyspelling.com

2. Children starting to blend sounds: 

  •    Sounding out words aids in fluency and comprehension.  Don’t let children struggle by themselves to sound out for more than 1 or 2 seconds.  Help them sound out the words.
  •    Simple phonetic readers.
  •    Word families.   Make lists of words with the same spelling and sounds at the end like; dot, hot, pot, got, not, shot.
  •    Sound out 3 letter words with or without pictures.
  •    Have child unscramble simple words.  Find or print a picture of a simple word like “cat”.  Then print the letters for the word on card stock, then cut apart. Put the picture and letters together in an envelope.  
  •    Do different vowels in the middle of consonants.
  •    Do short vowel /long vowel chant with the silent e.  Make some cards with 2 words like; cap/cape, hop/hope.   Example of the chant:  cub & cube, cub & cube,  cub says ŭ, cube says ū.  
  •    Teach sight words.  Most words have some phonetic base but here are some basic words that break the rules:  one, said, says, give, have, many, they, are, any. 
  •    Teach high frequency words by their vowel sounds.  This is a list of about 200 of the most frequent words. High Frequency Word List

3. The Beginning Reader: 

  •    Have child read simple sentences.
  •    Have child unscramble simple sentences. Write simple sentences on the computer then print and cut apart. 
  •    Review sounds and sight words in a simple book.  Then help the child read the book.
  •    Help children sound out words.
  •    Help child to break multi-syllable words into syllables then sound out.  Cover with your thumb all but one syllable then uncover each syllable while sounding out the word. 

 4. Fluent Reader:

  •   They need to read out loud right into junior high.
  •   Read things at different reading levels.  Too high creates frustration unless read with someone. Too low helps with fluency.  Just right builds vocabulary.
  •   Read along with books with CDs.
  •   Build comprehension by having children tell you what is happening in the story.
  •   Use your finger to help break words into syllables to sound out words.
  •   Pick some words to look up in the dictionary.

If you have questions or would like help teaching reading to those you love, please contact us.   www.phonicsbyspelling.com 877-206-2214 

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