Dinosaurs

 

Dinosaurs      dino bones 001

Objective: Children will learn about dinosaurs.  (Some children are afraid of dinosaurs, so it is good to be prepared to address it.)

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of dinosaurs from books, magazines or old calendars.
  • Create a sensory table by filling a tub with rice, beans, sand, etc.,then bury plastic dinosaurs in it. 
  • Make or buy self hardening clay or Plaster of Paris.
  • Plastic dinosaurs
  • Suggested Dinosaur Books
    • My Big Dinosaur Book by Roger Priddy
    • How Big Were the Dinosaurs? by Bernard Most
    • If Dinosaurs Were Alive Today by Running Press;
    • How Do Dinosaurs Play With Their Friends? by Jane Yolen

Lesson:

Read a book then define some of the following words:

  • dinosaur:  Means “terrible lizard” in the Greek language.  These are prehistoric, extinct animals.
  • fossils: Any impressions, remains, or tracks of plants or animals from prehistoric times left in rocks.
  • paleontologist: People that study fossils and prehistoric life. 
  • prehistoric: The time before written history.
  • extinct:  Plants or animals that no long live on the earth.
  • carnivores:  Animals that eat meat or other animals.
  • herbivores: Animals that eat plants.

Dinosaurs lived on earth a long time before humans, but fossils and science have helped us learn what dinosaurs may have looked like, what they ate and how they behaved. Scientists believe that dinosaurs lived on Earth until about 65 million years ago when a mass extinction occurred. It is believed that they could have become extinct because of a large asteroid impact or volcanic activity. Over 1000 different species of dinosaurs have been named and the list continues to grow as new fossils are discovered.

Some dinosaurs were meat eaters (they ate other animals) and some were plant eaters. To help fight meat eaters, many plant eaters had natural weapons such as the spikes on the tail of the Stegosaurus and the three horns attached to the front of the Triceratops’s head shield.  Meat eaters had sharp teeth.  Plant eaters had flatter teeth for grinding plants.  

Five Little Dinosaurs

  • Five little dinosaurs sitting in a swamp (hold up five fingers)
  • The first one said, “Let’s go run and jump.” (Point to a different finger for each dinosaur)
  • The second one said, “I smell Tom Tyrannosaurus.” (Point to nose)
  • The third one said, “I bet he’s looking for us.” (Put hand above eye and look around)
  • The fourth one said, “He might grab us by the neck.” (Put hands around the neck)
  • The fifth one said, “Let’s run away quick.

Activity:

  • Sort Animals:   Fossils:   Give each child enough clay to make a 2″ ball. Have them flatten it with their palm. They can now make “fossil” prints in the flat surface of the clay using small chicken bones, small plastic dinosaurs, leaves…etc.  Let dry and harden.  
  • Sensory Table:    Fill a tub with sand, rice or beans then bury plastic dinosaurs for the children to find.

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