The Moon

The Moon     20150310_220109

Objective:  Children learn basic facts about the moon and its phases.
Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of the moon in its various phases from books, magazines, old calendars or internet.
  • Black or blue construction paper: Cut in half lengthwise then fold in fourths like an accordion.
  • Print the master for the moon phases.  Moon Phases  (There will enough for 4 books.)
  • Cut the words for each child from the Moon Phases.
  • Have the 2 circles ready for each child to cut. 
  • Glue sticks.
  • Scissors for each child.
  • White crayons or pencils.
  • Suggested books:
  1.  Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me by Eric Carle
  2.  The Nightgown of the Sullen Moon by Nancy Willard
  3.  So That’s How the Moon Changes Shape by Allan Fowler
  4.  The Moon Book by Gail Gibbons
  5.  Goodnight Moon by Margaret Wise Brown
  6.  All about the Moon by David A. Adler

Lesson: 
Read a book or books then discuss some of these points while showing pictures:

  • The Moon is about one-quarter the size of Earth.
  • It is 238,857 miles from Earth.
  • Moons are natural satellites, or celestial bodies that orbit a planet. Some planets, like Jupiter, have several moons; Earth has only one.
  • The Moon is like a ball of rock that orbits, or goes around the Earth.
  • It takes 25 hours for the Moon to orbit Earth. Together the Moon and Earth orbit the Sun, which takes about 365 days.
  • The moon is sometimes in the sky at night and in the daytime.  
  • We see the Moon rise and set just like the Sun.
  • The Moon reflects the light of the Sun.
  • It takes 28 days to go through all the different phases.  These are some of the phases; new moon, crescent moon, quarter moon, and full moon.
  • Scientists have launched space shuttles and satellites to help them learn more about space. In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the Moon.
  • The Moon’s surface is rocky and dusty and full of craters made by rocks that crashed into the Moon. The surface has mountains and valleys.
  • Scientists have not found evidence of plants or animals (or aliens) on the Moon. However, scientists believe there might have been water on the Moon.

Activity: Moon Phases Book  

  1. Have the children cut the black lines of the circles and the word strips.
  2. Have the children glue “Moon Phases” on the top left corner of the first page.
  3. Have them glue “New Moon” to the bottom of the first page.
  4. Have them trace the full circle with a white crayon above the words, “New Moon”. 
  5. Have the children glue the word, “Crescent” at the bottom of the next page.
  6. Then have them glue the crescent shape above the word, “Crescent”.
  7. At the bottom of the next page glue the words, “Quarter Moon, then glue the semi-circle in the middle.
  8. In the last page have them glue the words “Full Moon” at the bottom and the circle in the middle.
  9. Fold like the book.  Read the book together.
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