Archive for the ‘Phonics and Reading’ Category

Hey Diddle Diddle

Hey, Diddle, Diddle

Objective: Help children enjoy the language of the nursery rhyme,“Hey, Diddle, Diddle”.

Preparation:

Lesson:

  • Hey, diddle, diddle, the cat and the fiddle,
  • The cow jumped over the moon.
  • The little dog laughed to see such a sport,
  • And the dish ran away with the spoon.

Read the book or the rhyme then discuss words:

  • Action words– jumped, laughed, and ran.
  • Diddle– waste time.
  • Fiddle– a musical instrument like a violin
  • Sport– in this rhyme it means to play or have fun.  

Discussion questions:

  • What is the rhyme about?
  • Could this really happen?
  • Who plays a fiddle?
  • Who jumps over the moon?
  • Who laughed?
  • What are the dish and the spoon doing?

Activity: Hey, Diddle, Diddle, Book

Have the children write in the missing words and draw a picture to go with the sentence on each page.

Emotions

Emotions       Smile

Objective: Children learn to recognize emotions and how to deal with them appropriately.

Preparation:

  • Print out the book from the following link: book emotions
  • Find a poster with different faces of emotions or use magazines to search for faces with different emotions. 

Suggested books:

  • The Way I Feel by Janan Cain
  • How Are You Peeling? Foods with Moods by Saxton Freymann and Joost Elffers
  • When Sophie Gets Angry… Really, Really Angry by Molly Bang

Lesson:

Read a book(s) then discuss while showing pictures. Ask the students to tell you what emotions are. Review emotions with the students. Ask them to show you what a person may look like when they are feeling different emotions. Emotions you may want to include are:

  • Happy
  • Angry
  • Sad
  • Surprised
  • Confused
  • Excited
  • Shocked
  • Shy

All emotions are okay, but we can’t hurt others, our friends or ourselves.

Discuss different ways for them to handle their anger, such as kicking a ball, painting a picture, having a quiet time by yourself, or talking it out.

Activity: Emotions Book

Read each page together, then have the children draw face to go with the sentence.  

Check out our website.  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Chunky Junk

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Chunky Junk

( This is fun to make when teaching the “NG” sound as in SING, KING, JUNK.  If an “N” is followed by a “K” the “N” has the “NG” sound.)

1. Melt in the micro wave for 1 minutes:

  • 20 marshmallows
  • ½ cube of butter
  • ½ cup of peanut butter

 2. Stir and melt for 1 more minute.

 3.  Mix in:

  • 1 cup Oat O’s cereal
  • 1 cup Crispy Rice cereal
  • 1 cup pretzels
  • ½ cup peanuts
  • ½ cup raisins
  • ½ cup chocolate chips
  • ½ cup M & Ms

4.  Spread out in buttered pan.

 5.  Cool and enjoy.

Long Vowel Simple Sight Words

Long Vowel Simple Sight Word Lesson: ( Free worksheets.)

Do a lesson for each long vowel sound.

I (2)

Preparation:

  • Make cards for the words  me, we, he, she.
  • Copy the long vowel worksheets. Worksheet for long vowel E words Worksheet for long vowel I words Worksheet for ay long vowel words (You may want to do another lesson on AY words. may, say, day and a lesson for I words. I, hi, sky, fly, why)
  • Locate  the book: He Bear, She Bear by Stan and Jan Berenstain

Lesson:  Rule:  Vowels not followed by a consonant and end a syllable, especially the first syllable, are usually long.  

  • Discuss the rule.
  • Read together all the word cards.
  • Read the story He Bear, She Bear by Stan and Jan Berenstain.

Activity:

  • Do the worksheet together. Write the letter to finish the word and review the sound, combine the consonant with the long vowel and sound out the word, then draw a picture  of each word.
  • Repeat with each word.
  •  Have the children read the words to as many people as possible for their homework.

Options:

  • On the back of the worksheet have them write some other long vowel E words and draw pictures for each.  ( tree, bee, free, see, )
  • Put this sentence on the back of the worksheet.  ( See the bee in the tree.)   Have the children draw the picture for this sentence.
  • Make a simple book where they draw the pictures with these words,  He sees  _____.  She sees_____.  We see _____. I see  ______.

Family

Family

Objective: Children gain knowledge of the concept of families and where they fit in as well as an understanding of rules and chores that are necessary in families.

Preparation:

  • Find pictures of families from the internet, pictures books, magazines or old calendars.
  • Have crayons for the children to draw with.
  • Be prepared to draw family or find a family tree work sheet on the internet to copy. 
  • Decide on a book to read.

Suggested books:

  • Me And My Family Tree by Joan Sweeney
  • I Love My Family by Wade Hudson
  • I Am Responsible! by David Parker
  • The Family Book by Todd Parr

Lesson:
Read the book(s) then discuss:

Discuss the structure of families. These are some aspects you may want to included depending on the children you are teaching:

  • Some have step children or parents.
  • Some have single parents.
  • Some have a lot of children some only have one.
  • Many people think of other loved ones as family even if they are not related.
  • Lots of families have pets, but many don’t.
  • Uncles, aunts, cousins, grandparents are part of families.

Explain that every member of the family is important and has a role to play to make the family work like:

  • Every family member has chores and responsibilities to keep the house and yard clean, fix meals and pay bills, etc.  Ask each child what their job or chore is that contributes to their family.
  • Family member can be kind to each other to help make a happier family.  Ask what they can do to help make a happier family.
  • Rules are important in families too. Discuss rules in the families of each child has and why they are important.


Activity: Make a family tree or draw family.

  • Have each child draw pictures of themselves and other family members in each corresponding circle.
  • Have them color and decorate the tree.

Make and Bake Cupcakes

Lance-3

(Black Bottom Cupcakes)

These are simple to make with the filling inside.  No need to frost these.  Fun to make with children.  Fun to make when learning to read long vowel A words.

1. Mix:

  • 8 ounces cream cheese
  • 1/3 c. sugar
  • 1 egg
  • 1 c. small chocolate chips
  • Set aside.

2. Mix:

  • 1 ½ c. flour
  • 1 c. sugar
  • 1/4 c. cocoa
  • 1 t. baking soda
  • ½ t. salt
  • 1. c. water
  • 1/3 c. oil
  • 1 T. vinegar
  • 1 t. vanilla

3. Fill lined muffin cups ½ full with batter.

4. Place a heaping spoonful of cream cheese mixture in the middle of each cup of batter.

5. Bake at a preheated oven at 350 for 20-25 minutes.

6. Cool and Enjoy! (Makes 24 muffins)

Spring Fever

kite cover image

Spring Fever is the restless, edgy feeling that comes in the spring with the many changes of weather.  It makes adults have less patience and children can not hold still.  Knowing this is what is happening, helps us handle the discipline problems this time of year.  What to Do?

Go outside: Find a way to incorporate what you want to teach or accomplish by going outside.

Creative art projects:  Do finger painting, homemade play dough,  torn paper spring collage, etc.

  • Sensory activities:  Do sand or bean play, water play (wash the play dishes by hand), pudding painting, etc.
  • Vary the routine:  Have the children help create a new routine.
  • Music:  Incorporate music in whatever you can.  They will remember what you are teaching and they will love it.  Also, bring out the rhythm instruments, play a marching song and have a marching band.
  • Exercise  Walk ,dance, read while standing/moving and just keep movement in your day.

Spring Fever–accept it and work with it.  Enjoy the children in your life.

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