Archive for the ‘science’ Category

Vehicles

Vehicles HPIM2377

Objective: Children will learn how vehicles can help us and that vehicles travel through the air, on the land and on the water .   Note: You may want to teach vehicles in 2 or 3 lessons.

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of a variety of different types of water, land and air vehicles from books, magazines, internet, or old calendars.

  • Prepare red and green paper for the Red Light, Green Light activity.

  • Paper and crayons for making paper airplanes.

  • Print out vehicle book from the following link: vehicles book

  • Cut vehicle book into quarters then staple together to make a book.

  • Suggested books:

    • Truck Talk by Bobbi Katz

    • Follow That Boat by Jim Razzi

    • Tracks by David Galef

Lesson:

Read a book then discuss vehicles while showing pictures.

Vehicles are machines that take people or things from one place to another.  Discuss Vehicles and what they are used for:

    1.  Water:

  • Water was the first method of travel.
  • Today, ships are used to move big things around the world.
  • Often boats and ships are used fun.

     2.  Land:

  • We can travel on land in cars, buses and trains. 
  • We use these to go to school, to the park, to the grocery store, or to Grandma’s house.
  • Trains and trucks are used to move the food we eat, the clothing we wear, and materials to make homes.
  • Big vehicles are used to make roads, and buildings.
  • Some trucks deliver things like mail, furniture, etc.

    3.  Air:

  • We can travel by air in airplanes and helicopters.
  • Airplanes takes packages and mail. 
  • Helicopters help our community and world.  They are used to fight fires, help police, and move injured people to the hospital. 

    4.  Space:

  • Rockets are used to take people, satellites and other things into space.  

Possible Activities:

Play Red Light, Green Light:

  • Talk about how red means go and green means stop.
  • Have children line up in a row at least 10 feet away from you. 
  • Say, “green light” while holding up green paper.
  • The children start coming towards you.
  • Say, “red light” while holding up red paper.
  • The children stop.
  • Continue until they reach you. 
  • Variations are: Use the Spanish words “verde” and “rojo” for the colors– Let the children take turns being the stop light–They could crab walk, hop, or crawl.

Make a paper airplane:

  • Have children decorate the paper with markers or crayons.
  • Help them fold the paper to make a paper airplane.
  • Fly airplane.

Make a Vehicle book:

  • Read each page with the children.
  • Then have them draw a vehicle to go with the sentence.
  • Repeat with each page.

Microwave Caramel Popcorn

POPCORNThis is a fun easy recipe to do with children.  This can be used when teaching:

  • the sounds — OR, AR, Short O, or P.
  • the word family -op.
  • farms, seeds, plants, or heat.  

Caramel Popcorn

1.  Melt in the microwave in a large glass bowl on high for 2 minutes:

  • 1 cube butter
  • 1 cup brown sugar
  • ¼ cup corn syrup
  • ½ tsp. salt

2.  Stir then microwave for 2 or 3 more minutes.

3.  Stir in ½ tsp. baking soda.

4.  Pour over 4-5 quarts of popped popcorn.

5.  Stir to mix then pour in a large brown paper grocery bag.

6.  Fold down the top then cook in the microwave for 2 minutes.

7.  Take out the bag then shake it and cook again for 1 ½ minutes.

8.   Pour out on a cookie sheet to cool.

9.  When cool break apart.

ENJOY!

Farm–Animals, Plants, and Machines

     Farms

Objective:  Children will learn about animals, plants and machinery on farms.  Also learn to listen and follow directions.  (You may want to divide Farms into 3 lessons. Also it is good to teach the “AR” sound with farms.)

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of farm animals, plants and machines from books, internet, magazines or old calendars. 

  • Print the attached worksheet.  Farm following directions worksheet
  • Possibly plan a trip to a farm.
  • Suggested books:
    • Farm Flu by Teresa Bateman  

    • Big Red Barn by Margaret Wise Brown

Lesson:  Discuss farms while showing pictures.

  • Farm Animals: Discuss with pictures the types of animals found on the farm and each animals purpose.

  • Farm Plants:  Discuss with pictures the types of crops grown on the farm. Include fruit trees, garden fruits and vegetables, hay, wheat, corn, etc.

  • Farm Machines:  Discuss with pictures the types of machines found on the farm and their uses.

Activity:  Following Directions Worksheet

Give each child a worksheet and a set of crayons.

Give them directions to follow. Here are some examples:

  1. Choose a color then write your name on the top of your paper.

  2. With your blue crayon, circle all the animals.

  3. With your yellow crayon, color the animal that comes from an egg. 

  4. With your brown crayon, write the word, “Farm” on the bottom of your paper.

  5. With your red crayon, draw a square around the farm plants or crops.

  6. With your purple crayon make a triangle around the barn.

  7. With your orange crayon, color the tail and ears of the animal we get wool from.

  8. With your gray crayon, color the face of the animal we get milk from.

  9. With your green crayon, color the plant or crop used to make flour for bread. 

  10. On the back, use many colors to draw yourself on a farm with a tractor. 

Wrap Up:  Read a fun Farm book while they draw on the back of their worksheet.

Weather Review

Weather Review

 

Objective:  To review weather.

Preparation:

  • Find pictures or drawings of weather in books, magazines, internet, or old calendars.
  • Have crayons, pencils or markers to finish the books.
  • Print the template for the weather book.  Cut into 2 pages. Use half a sheet of construction paper for the cover.
  •  weather book template page 1    weather book template page 2  
  • Suggested Book: Weather by Gallimard Jeunesse

Lesson:

Read the book and discuss:

  • Discuss any pictures of weather. 
  • Discuss what weather the children have seen.
  • Review ideas from other weather lessons. 

Activity:

Help the kids make their weather book by reading and discussing each page as they work. When finished, read the book together.

Suggested Discussion questions:

  • What do you wear when it’s snowy; rainy; etc. ?
  • What kinds of activities can you do when it’s snowy; rainy; etc.?

 


 

 

   

Check out our website: http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Weather: Rain and Snow

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Weather: Rain and Snow      

Objective: Help children learn about the water cycle and how water is a part of our weather.

Preparation:
  • Find drawings or pictures of rain, snow and other storms from books, magazines or old calendars.
  • Collect a pan, water, a cookie sheet, and a stove or something to heat the water.
  • Make word cards; evaporation, water cycle, water vapor, and condensation. 
  • Have crayons, pencils or markers.
  • Scraps of construction paper in white, dark blue, green and yellow.
  • Print the water cycle on light blue or white paper. water-cycle-picture   If you do this activity with older children, they can write all the words.  
  • Create a sample water cycle.
Suggested books:
  • Cloudy with a Chance Of Meatballs by Judi Barrett
  • Franklin and the Thunderstorm by Paulette Bourgeois
  • What Makes it Rain? by Keith Brandt
Lesson:
Read a book then discuss water weather:
Discussion questions:
  1. How do you feel when it rains?
  2. Are you afraid of storms, if so why do they scare you?
  3. What activities do you like to do in the rain?
  4. Where do you think rain comes from?
  5. What other weather has water in it?  (snow, hail)

Demonstrate “condensation” and “evaporation” by heating a small pot of water on the stove. Heat the water until you see steam.  Show the “water vapor” and “evaporation” cards.  Say, “The steam is water vapor or evaporation.”  Hold the cookie sheet above the water.  Show how the water condensate on the cookie sheet. Show the word card “condensation. Say, “If we hold this cookie sheet for a long time above the water it will start dropping rain. 

Activity: Help children learn about the water cycle by making a water cycle collage picture.  (Tearing paper is a skill that most children have to be taught.)
  • Give each child a sheet of light blue or white water cycle picture paper.
  • Tear dark blue paper big enough to fill half of the bottom part of the paper to look like the ocean. Have the children glue it on their paper by the word “ocean”.
  • Tear a sun shape of yellow. Have the children glue it by the word “sun” above the ocean. Talk about how the sun heats the water and causes it to evaporate. Help them write “sun” on the sun.
  • Tear a piece of white paper and have the children shade it with gray with the side of a crayon to look like a rain cloud. Have the children glue it on their paper opposite the sun by the words, “rain cloud”. (Explain how the droplets of water vapor come together and cool to make a cloud and when they get too heavy they condensate on bits of dust and begin to fall to the earth as snow or rain depending on how cold they are.)
  • Have the children draw the rain coming from the cloud by the word, “rain” below the cloud. Discuss the ways the rain helps all living things and all the benefits of rain and storms.
  • Tear a piece of green or brown paper to look like a slope of land coming down to meet the ocean. Have the children glue it next to the ocean piece of paper by the word “land”.
  • Tear a strip of blue paper to look like a river. Have the children glue it on the slope of land by the word, “river”. Talk about the collection of rain into rivers, lakes and oceans
  • Read all the words on the picture together.
Check out our website: http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Weather – Wind

 Wind

Objective: To learn about and experience wind and air.

Preparation:
  • Find drawings, books, magazines or old calendars of wind.
  • Have crayons, pencils or markers for the children.
  • Square paper or print out pin wheel template. pinwheel template
  • New pencil, straw or make your own stick by rolling up paper.
  • Straight pins.
  • Masking tape.
Books:
  • Wind by Ron Bacon
  • Wind by Marion Dane Bauer
Lesson:
  • Explain to the children that wind is moving air. 
  • Wind is invisible.
  • Discuss some of the signs that tell us it is windy. (Use pictures or books)  Give them clues such as clouds moving in the sky, wind chimes ringing, feeling the winds on our skin, and leaves or paper blowing across the yard.  
  • People use wind for many different things such as; flying a kite, sailing a sailboat, or blowing windmills to create electricity.

Activity:   Pinwheel  pinwheel template

  • Give the children the square or template.
  • Have the children color and decorate both sides of the pinwheel.
  • Have them cut on the diagonal lines. Making sure to have them stop cutting where the line stops.
  • Take every other point and bring it to the center of the pinwheel.
  • Push a pin through four of the points and the center of the pinwheel.  Then push the pin through the eraser of the pencil or about ½ inch from the top of a straw or rolled paper.
  • Bend the end of the pin down against the pencil, straw or rolled paper. Leave a little space between the pin and stick so the pinwheel spins freely. 
  • Wrap several times with masking tape to keep in place and to cover the sharp end of the pin.

Optional activities:

Kite:     http://www.ehow.com/how_4742941_make-paperbag-kite.html

Check out our website: http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Weather – Air

admin-ajax.php         Air/Weather

Objective:  Help children understand how air affects the world around us.

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures books, magazines or old calendars of wind, plants, and animals.
  • Have a large balloon.
  • Have crayons, pencils or markers for drawing.
  • Drawing paper.
  • Decide on a book to read. Suggested books:
  • Air Is All Around You by Franklyn M. Branley  
  • If We Could See Air by David T. Suzuki    

Lesson:
Read a book then discuss:

  • Did you know that air is all around you?
  • Without air there wouldn’t be any life on Earth? (Have everyone breathe in and exhale out.)  
  • Air is the gas that floats all around you and makes up our atmosphere. We can’t see it, since it is made up of colorless gases.  
  • Some of the gases that make up the air around us are oxygen, and carbon dioxide. We like to shorten carbon dioxide and just call it “CO2”.
  • All life on Earth depends on air to stay alive. When we breathe, we inhale air. Our bodies use the oxygen
  • Humans and animals make CO2 and exhale it into the air. 
  • Plants use CO2 and put oxygen back into the air. 
  • Plants clean the air. Let’s give the plants some CO2.  (Breathe in and exhale out again.)  
  • Although we usually can’t feel it, air is always touching us.  (Blow up a balloon.)
  • One of the few times that you can actually feel air is when it is windy.  (Make wind by letting the air go in the balloon.) 
  • Air is used for many different things, such as flying planes, sailing on a sail boat, or blows windmills to create electricity.

Activity: Make an air cycle picture.   

  • Give each child a sheet of drawing paper.
  •  Have the child draw a picture of self on one side of the paper and a tree on the other side.
  •  Draw an arrow from the tree to the child. and write “oxygen” by this arrow.
  •  Draw an arrow going from the child to the tree and write “ CO2” by that arrow.
  •  Have them lightly color some air with the side of a blue or gray crayon.

Optional activities are to make airplanes or kites.

Check out our website:  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

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