Math Lesson Ideas for the Number 1 (One)

Math Lesson for the Number 1 (One)

ObjectiveHelp children recognize the number 1, the word “one”, numbers are used for counting, count 1 object, and learn to write “l” and “one”.

Preparations:

  • Find an art print or picture from a calendar or magazine with good examples of “ONE”.
  • Optional:  Make some die cuts of apples or something else in two different colors and 3 different sizes.
  • Have some stickers.
  • Write the number “l” and the word, “one” on a word card.
  • Have examples of the different fonts of the printed form of 1.
  • Decide on a simple book, poem or nursery rhyme that has good examples of “one”.  Possibly use, “There Was a Crooked Man”.  (Included at the end.)
  • Have paper and pencil for each child.

Lesson:

  • Display the word card with “l one”.  Discuss the difference between the number “1” and the word “one”.  What are words made of?  (letters)  What are numbers used for?  (counting)
  • Read  a book, poem or the Nursery Rhyme.  Then discuss the examples of one thing in the reading. Discuss different body parts to see how many they have.  Do you have 1 eye?  1 nose? Etc.
  • Show the picture and have each child pick out one thing in the picture.
  • Show the children examples of different fonts for the number one.  Encourage them to write their l’s with a straight line like an “l”.  Have them make them in the air with their finger.
  • Give each child a paper and pencil.  Have or help them write their name.  Show the word card again for “l one”.  Have them write a number “l” and a word “one”.  (If a child has a hard time writing their letters, write the word “one” with a yellow pencil and have them trace it.)  Put out stickers and have them select 1 for their paper.

Extension ideas: Possibly include some comparison or patterning activities with the die cut apples.  (small, medium, large, same, different, ABAB pattern, etc.)   Can also do a food activity with several 1 items.

Nursery Rhyme

There was a crooked man, and he went a crooked mile;

He found a crooked sixpence against a crooked stile:
He bought a crooked cat, which caught a crooked mouse,
And they all lived together in a little crooked house.

For more educational tips and information visit www.phonicsbyspelling.com

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Teach about Summer–The Season

Summer

Objective: Help children see and experience summer and how it is different to other seasons.

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures from books, magazines or old calendars of summer activities, food, and sun protection items.
  • Print the attached worksheet. Downloadable PDF link: summer vs. winter worksheet
  • A world globe and lamp.
  • Decide on a book to read.  Suggested books: The Wonderful Tree, by Adelaide Holl,  Wake Up, Jeremiah, by Ann Himler,   The Sky Dog, by Brinton Turkle,   Frog and Toad Together, by Arnold Lobel The Reasons for Seasons by Gail Gibbons

Lesson:

Read a book(s) then discuss while showing pictures:

Discussion Questions:

  • Why do we have summer?  Summer is the time when our part of the earth tilts towards the sun.  This can be demonstrated by holding the lamp next to the globe and explaining how the Earth is tilted on its axis.  Put a sticker on the globe where you live.  Rotate the globe around the lamp showing when their part of the Earth is tilted more toward the Sun it causes the sun to rise higher in the sky it causes longer days.  The rays of the sun hit the earth more directly causing hotter weather.  When their part of the  Earth is tilted away from the Sun it is winter.  The Sun rises low in the sky, and causes shorter days.  The rays of the sun strike the ground indirectly causing colder weather.
  • What is the weather/temperature like in the summer?  It is the warmest season of the year.
  • What are some ways to protect ourselves from heat and sunburn?  Protect yourself by using sunscreen, wearing a hat, wearing sunglasses, drinking a lot of water, etc.
  • What kind of things do we do in the summer?  We play in the water. go on vacations/camping. celebrate the fourth of July, ride bikes, have picnics, play summer sports like baseball and soccer, etc.
  • What kind of foods are fun to eat or drink in the summer?  We eat ice cream, Popsicles, watermelon, etc.
  • How is summer different from winter?  We wear lighter clothes.  It is hot outside.  

Activity: Worksheet 

How do we dress differently in the summer than in the winter?  Have the children do the attached worksheet. Discuss with them what each picture is and to which column it belongs. Ask why each article of clothing would be appropriate for that season.

For more educational products and information visit www.phonicsbyspelling.com

Have a Routine.

Routine is one of the keys to successful discipline.

It is a new school year which is a great time to set your routine.  Everything will go smoother with a routine.

  • It is good to have a routine or schedule.  It will help your day run smoother.

  • Whether it is in a classroom or at home, children handle everything better if they know the routine (Bed time, reading time, homework time, etc.).

  • Most children feel more comfortable with an established routine.

  • When the routine has to be changed, it will go smoother if they are told in advance the routine will be changed.

  • Children need to learn to handle last-minute changes but it is good to practice that in a controlled situation, not when you need it to happen now.

Alphabet

Alphabet Lesson

(The letter sounds are more important for reading than the letter names, but the letter names give you and the child a vocabulary for learning to read.  Work on both letter sounds and names, but give the sounds more focus.  Make sure phonics sounds are made clearly without an “UH” at the end.)

Objective:  To create an awareness of letters and their sounds in children and, informally assess what they know.  Also, to help children recognize the first sound in their name.

Preparation:

  • Copy the ABC song, one for each child, on colored card stock.   ABC song
  • Have music and pictures of the letter sound. http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/  (Optional)
  • Have a name card for each child.
  • Have tracing paper and pencils.

Lesson:

  • Give each child an alphabet card and sing the ABC song.  Have each child touch the letters as you sing the song.  You may need to sing the song real slow the first time.  Sing it slow from Ll to Pp.  End the song with, “next time won’t you touch the letters with me.”  This will help children connect the song to the letters.  Do this song several times over the next few weeks.
  • If you have the music and pictures for each sound, http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/  play the song for the first letter in every child’s name while showing their name card.

Activities:

Give each child their name card, tracing paper and a pencil.  Let them trace their name.  Then have them write their name without tracing.  (This activity lets you assess their writing skills, while still being fun.)

An additional activity is to make a name book for each child.   These can be the words for the four pages.   (My name is ______.  I am ______ years old.   I like school.  I like ________.) Children can draw the pictures for each page.

For more educational tips and information visit www.phonicsbyspelling.com

Possible Units for Each Month

This is a list of possible units that can be used for Kindergarten, Preschool or Home school.  We have on this blog many free ideas for some of these units.  We like to teach all phonetic sounds to young children using music and pictures, thus making it easier to learn to read.  Check out our website for products. 

http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

August/September

  • Names/Alphabet
  • Germs/Hand-washing
  • Summer/Autumn/Fall
  • Sounds Aa, Cc, Ll, Tt, Ff, Hh, Bb
  • Manners/Class Rules
  • Homes, Needs, Bodies
  • Leaves/Trees
  • Numbers 1, 2 ,3, 4
  • Colors/Primary/Secondary
  • Same/ Different

October

  • Sounds Pp, Mm, Nn, Ii, Rr, Ss, SH
  • Review Ll, Tt, Hh, Ff, Bb
  • Harvest/Pumpkins/Plants
  • Measuring/Inches
  • Insects/Spiders
  • Numbers  5, 6
  • Number Review
  • Needs/Homes
  • Magnets

November

  • Sounds Cc/CH, Oo, TH,  Aa, Dd Kk
  • Food Groups-Healthy/Junk
  • Opposites
  • Thanksgiving
  • Numbers 7, 8, 9

December

  • Sounds Ee, Gg, Jj
  • Sharing/Giving/Helping
  • Review Pp, Rr, Mm, Nn, Kk
  • 5 Senses
  • Shapes
  • Music/Program

January

  • Sounds Yy, Ww, WH, Uu, Qq
  • Winter/Seasons
  • Animals-Mammals/Reptiles/Birds/Fish/Amphibians
  • Review Cc, Dd, Ss, Gg, Jj
  • Review WH, SH, CH, TH
  • Time/Year/Months/Clocks
  • Count by 5
  • Numbers 10, 0, Odd/Even
  • Dinosaurs

February

  • Sounds Zz, Vv, Xx
  • USA/Symbols of our Country
  • Review Qq, Vv, Ww, Yy, Zz
  • Review Vowels
  • Presidents
  • Money
  • Word Endings
  • Safety

March

  • Sounds AIR, AR, OR, ER, EAR
  • Farms-Animals/Plants/Machines
  • Review and Blend Sounds
  • Spring
  • Numbers 11, 12 and Review
  • Number 100 (or whenever you reach 100 days of school.)
  • Weather-Air/Water/Sun

April

  • Sounds OW, OY, OO, OO, AW
  • Transportation
  • Nursery Rhymes
  • Y as a Vowel
  • Community Helpers
  • Manipulative Addition/Subtraction
  • Planets/Sun/Moon

May

  • Sounds NG, _S_, Vowels
  • Long Vowel Sight Words
  • Y as a Vowel
  • Family/Friends
  • Review and Blend Sounds
  • Rocks
  • Fairy Tales
  • Music/Program

Check out our website for helpful products for teaching the phonics sounds.  We have lesson plans, reproducible workbooks with simple readers for children, simple songs for each sound with fun pictures children enjoy.   http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

Hey Diddle Diddle

Hey, Diddle, Diddle

Objective: Help children enjoy the language of the nursery rhyme,“Hey, Diddle, Diddle”.

Preparation:

Lesson:

  • Hey, diddle, diddle, the cat and the fiddle,
  • The cow jumped over the moon.
  • The little dog laughed to see such a sport,
  • And the dish ran away with the spoon.

Read the book or the rhyme then discuss words:

  • Action words– jumped, laughed, and ran.
  • Diddle– waste time.
  • Fiddle– a musical instrument like a violin
  • Sport– in this rhyme it means to play or have fun.  

Discussion questions:

  • What is the rhyme about?
  • Could this really happen?
  • Who plays a fiddle?
  • Who jumps over the moon?
  • Who laughed?
  • What are the dish and the spoon doing?

Activity: Hey, Diddle, Diddle, Book

Have the children write in the missing words and draw a picture to go with the sentence on each page.

Emotions

Emotions       Smile

Objective: Children learn to recognize emotions and how to deal with them appropriately.

Preparation:

  • Print out the book from the following link: book emotions
  • Find a poster with different faces of emotions or use magazines to search for faces with different emotions. 

Suggested books:

  • The Way I Feel by Janan Cain
  • How Are You Peeling? Foods with Moods by Saxton Freymann and Joost Elffers
  • When Sophie Gets Angry… Really, Really Angry by Molly Bang

Lesson:

Read a book(s) then discuss while showing pictures. Ask the students to tell you what emotions are. Review emotions with the students. Ask them to show you what a person may look like when they are feeling different emotions. Emotions you may want to include are:

  • Happy
  • Angry
  • Sad
  • Surprised
  • Confused
  • Excited
  • Shocked
  • Shy

All emotions are okay, but we can’t hurt others, our friends or ourselves.

Discuss different ways for them to handle their anger, such as kicking a ball, painting a picture, having a quiet time by yourself, or talking it out.

Activity: Emotions Book

Read each page together, then have the children draw face to go with the sentence.  

Check out our website.  http://www.phonicsbyspelling.com/

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