Posts Tagged ‘free lesson plan’

Planet Earth

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Objective:  Children gain awareness and appreciation for our Earth.

Preparation:

Lesson:
Read and discuss an Earth book.  Possible discussion ideas while showing maps and/or globe:

  • Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
  • The fifth largest planet in the solar system.
  • It is the only planet we know has millions of species of plants and animals.
  • It has one moon.
  • It orbits around the sun.
  • Earth is about 4.5 billion years old.
  • Earth consists of rocks, minerals, soil and land forms such as mountains.
  • Earth is also covered with water, in the form of oceans, lakes and rivers.
  • Earth is part of the solar system that circles around the sun once in a year or every 365 ¼ days .

Discuss ways to help take care of our Earth:

  • Keep the Earth clean.
  • Make less trash.
  • Use less energy and water.
  • Plant and take care of trees and plants.  (This helps to clean the air.)

Activity: Earth Painting

  • Have children draw continents on circles with green and brown crayons.
  • Paint over the whole paper with blue watercolor.  (Use a large paintbrush.)
  • Let it dry.
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The Solar System

Objective:
Children will gain knowledge of the planets, and other objects in our solar system.
Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of the solar system and planets from books, magazines old calendars or Internet.
  • Long piece of blue paper 4.5″ x 24″ (two pieces of construction paper cut in half lengthwise and taped together) accordion fold into eighths.
  • Copies of the planets planets template printed on white paper.
  • Colored pencils.
  • Suggested books:
    • Me and My Place in Space by Joan Sweeney and Annette Cable

    • The Planets in Our Solar System by Franklyn M. Branley and Kevin O’Malley

    • Solar System by Gregory Vogt

    • Solar System by Melvin Berger and Gilda Berger

Lesson:

Read book or books then discuss some of the following points while showing pictures: 

  • Our planet Earth is part of the Solar system.
  • Earth is the only planet where plants and animals can live.
  • The Solar System contains 8 planets that travel around (or orbit) the sun. .
  • ROCKY PLANETS (Mercury – Venus – Earth – Mars) —  The rocky planets are mostly made up of rock and metal. These planets are very heavy and move slowly. They also do not have rings.
  • GAS PLANETS (Jupiter – Saturn – Uranus – Neptune) — The gas planets are mostly made up of gases (hydrogen and helium). These planets are light for their sizes and move quickly. They have rings and lots of moons.
  • The inner solar system contains Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. These four planets are closest to the Sun.
  • The outer solar system contains Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
  • Pluto is no longer officially a planet. Now they’re calling it a “dwarf planet”, but planet or not, it’s still a part of our Solar System.  It is also made of rock.  
  •  Planets can have one or more moons orbiting them.
  • The Sun is one of billions of stars in our galaxy, called the Milky Way.
  • There are billions of galaxies in the Universe.

Activity Solar System Book

  1. Color the planets using the colored pencils. 
  2. Cut out the planets.
  3. Glue the planets to the blue paper in order.
  4. Read the book with the children.

President Lincoln

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Objective:  Students will learn about President Lincoln and what he did for their country.

Materials Needed:

  • Green tissue paper
  • Brown construction paper
  • Blue construction paper
  • Cardboard with one layer removed exposing the corrugated layer (or purchase corrugated paper from a scrapbook supply store)
  • Cotton balls
  • Find drawings or pictures of Abraham Lincoln from books, magazines, internet or old calendars.

Preparation:

Remove the outer panel of corrugated cardboard or purchase the corrugated sheets.

Cut the following shapes from the cardboardDIAGRAM:

  • 2 ½” square (A) [cabin wall]
  • 2 ½” equilateral triangle ( C) [cabin gable]
  • 2 ½” x 4” rectangle (B) [cabin wall]
  • 2 ½” x 4” parallelogram (D)[cabin roof]
  • Cut from brown construction paper
  • 1 ½” square [chimney]
  • 1 ½” x 5” rectangle [tree trunk]
  • 1 ½” x 12” [ground] write “Abraham Lincoln’s Cabin” across
  • Cut many 1” squares from green tissue paper or crêpe paper
  • Cotton balls for clouds.

Suggested books:

  • A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln by David A. Adler, John Walner, and Alexandra Wallner
  • Abe Lincoln: The Young Years by Keith Brandt
  • Abraham Lincoln’s Hat by Martha Brenner
  • Mr. Lincoln’s Whiskers by Karen B. Winnick

Lesson:

Read a selected book then discuss President Lincoln.  

  • Lincoln was 6 feet 4 inches tall.
  • As a young man, Lincoln taught himself to be a lawyer.
  • The Civil War began six weeks after Lincoln took office.
  • When Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in early 1863, it freed slaves from the Confederate states. By the end of the Civil War, over six hundred thousand Americans died.
  • He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth just 5 days after General Robert E. Lee surrendered the South to the Union.
  • His profile can be found on the U.S. penny as well as the 5 dollar bill.
  • Lincoln hid his mail, bankbook and important papers in his stovepipe hat.

Activity: Cardboard Cabin

  • Give each child a piece of blue construction paper
  • Have them proceed with the following steps:
  • Glue the “ground” to the bottom of the paper.
  • glue the cardboard onto the blue paper to make the cabin. (This is a good opportunity to review shapes).
  • Glue the chimney on top of the roof
  • Glue the tree trunk next to the cabin so that it touches the ground.
  • Make leaves on the tree by wrapping tissue paper squares on the end of a pencil then dipping it in glue and sticking the tissue paper onto the blue paper, then moving the pencil.  Repeat with about 10-15 squares until the top of the tree looks good.
  • Stretch out cotton balls and glue it on to the blue paper to make clouds.

Symbols of The USA—The Flag

USA Symbols—The Flag


Objective: Help children understand the importance of the United States flag as a symbol of the USA and teach the Pledge of Allegiance.

Preparation:

  • Cut rectangles from blue construction paper:  4 ½ ” x 6” (one for each student)
  • Cut strips of red construction paper:  6” x ¾” (four for each student), and 12 x ¾ (three for each student)
  • White 12 x 9 construction paper (one for each student)
  • White crayons or pencils
  • Stickers; preferably with flags
  • USA flag
  • Suggested books:
  • The Pledge of Allegiance by Lloyd G Douglas
  • The Flag We Love by Pam Munoz Ryan

Lesson:

  • Read a flag book and discuss.
  • What is a flag? A flag is a piece of cloth, in the shape of a rectangle with colors, and designs.
  • Display a flag.
  • Discuss that red, white and blue are the colors of our country, The United States of America.
  • Have children count the thirteen stripes. Show that six are white and seven are red.
  • The blue rectangle has 50 white stars which represent each state.
  • Every country has a national flag. A national flag represents a country’s citizens. When you are the citizen of a country it is like being part of a team and you work together to take care of the country.
  • Read and discuss The Pledge of Allegiance book.
  • Citizens of the United States make an important promise called The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag. When we make this pledge, we promise to be good citizens.   Explain the language of the pledge to help the children understand. “I pledge (promise) allegiance (to follow and protect) to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic (USA) for which it stands, one Nation (country), under God, indivisible (which cannot be divided and all the states remain together), with liberty (freedom) and justice (fairness) for all.”
  • Discuss and demonstrate how we place our RIGHT hand over our heart when we say the pledge to show respect.
  • Place a sticker on the children’s right wrist to help them remember which hand is their right hand.
  • Help them recite the Pledge.

Activity: Make your own flag.

  • Place the blue rectangle at the top left.
  • Have the children glue the red strips onto the white construction paper. Show them how to put the 4 short strips at the top right side and the 3 long strips at the bottom leaving spaces in between for the white stripes.
  • Have the children add the stars using white pencils or crayon.  Show some simple ways to make stars, such as draw a “t” then draw and “x” on top.

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Reptiles

Reptiles

Objective: Children will learn the characteristics of reptiles and how they compare with other animals.
Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of reptiles and other types of animals from books, magazines or old calendars.

  • Make word cards for the words, Reptiles, Animals, Yes, and No.

  • Have glitter glue, and colored pencils or crayons.

  • Print out an IGUANA coloring sheet from the link iguana. One per child.

  • Suggested book:

      • The Iguana Brothers, a Tale of Two Lizards by Tony Johnston

Lesson:
Read the book then discuss reptiles while showing pictures.

Discuss the characteristics of reptiles:
  • All reptiles are cold-blooded.
  • Have scales.
  • Have dry skin.
  • Lay eggs.
  • Have 4 legs or no legs.
  • Have ear holes instead of ears.

Play the Yes and No game with pictures of different animals.  “Is this a reptile?” Then place the animal on the yes or no pile.  This gives an opportunity to discuss and review characteristics of different animals.

Activity:  Give the iguana his scales.

  • Have children color the iguana with crayons or colored pencils.
  • Paint the iguana’s back with glitter glue to represent the scales.

Amphibians

Amphibian Lesson180223_1804527801542_1490303688_1924226_5912687_n

Objective:  Help children learn some of the traits for amphibians and compare to other animals.  (You may want to organize your amphibian theme activities into 2 lessons.)

Preparation:

  • Find drawings or pictures of frogs, toads and salamanders from books, magazines or old calendars.
  • Cut sheets of legal size papers in half lengthwise and accordion fold it them into 4 sections. Have crayons, pencils or markers for the children to draw with.
  • Gather materials: Paper plates; Green, red and white construction paper; Watercolor paint and glue.  (Optional second day activity.  Paint the paper plate green on the first day.)
  • Find a book to read about the life cycle of a frog. Some excellent books are:     Tadpole to Frog by Jan Kottke    Fantastic Frogs by Fay Robinson   The Big Wide-mouthed Frogby Ana Martin Larranaga

Lesson:

What is an amphibian?

  1. Amphibians are animals that metamorphose from a water animal to a land animal.
  2. Amphibians include frogs, toads and salamanders. Show pictures and discuss differences
  3. Toads have dry, warty skin, while frogs have smooth, wet skin.
  4. Frogs have tiny teeth on both upper and lower jaws, while toads do not have teeth.
  5. Frogs have longer hind legs than toads. So frogs jump, while toads hop.
  6. Salamanders have a long body and a tail. Frogs and toads are shorter and have no tail.

Define metamorphosis and discuss.  Change of physical form

Discussion questions:

  1. What information about amphibians did you like the most?
  2. What are the main differences between a frog and toad?
  3. What is a tadpole?
  4. What other animals change or go through metamorphosis? Butterflies
  5. Where does a tree frog live? In the trees of the rain forest.
  6. Where does a bull frog live? In freshwater ponds, lakes and marshes.

Read a book and discuss each stage of the life cycle:

  1. Eggs.
  2. Tadpoles have gills, similar to fish, covered and protected by a flap of skin. As they continue to develop, their hind legs form and grow. Then their tail begins to shrink and the front legs appear.
  3. Soon the gills are gone, and the tadpole begins to breathe air at the surface, with his brand new lungs.
  4. Soon after transforming into froglets or toadlets, they begin life out of the water and start eating insects.

Activities:

  • The Frog Life Cycle Book  Accordion fold a half sheet of legal size paper into four pages. Label each page as follows: Eggs; Tadpoles; Tadpoles with legs; Adult or Frog. Write “Frogs” on the front for the title.  Have the child draw a picture to go with each stage.  Have the child write their names on their book.
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  • Frog Puppet  Watercolor a paper plate green and let dry. Fold plate in half and cut out four long legs and glue them in the middle of the plate. Cut a red tongue to place between the legs. For eyes cut two place half circles and two white circles these are glued on for the eyes on the front of the frog. You can make the frog rib-bit by pressing down on the folded plate.

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Fish

animals book copyFish

Objective: Children will learn the characteristics of fish and how fish are different from other animals.

Preparation:

    • Find drawings or pictures of fish and other types of animals from books, magazines or old calendars.
    • Gather the following materials:
      • unsharpened pencils
      • string
      • metal brads
      • magnets
    • Cut out or die cut fish shapes from card stock then write a characteristic (listed below) of fish on each fish cut out.
    • Attach a brad for the eye of each fish.
    • Tie one end of the string to an unsharpened pencil, and the other end to a magnet to make a fishing pole.
    • Print out the fish mini book from link.  fish0001
    • Cut blue construction paper in half for the cover.
    • Cut each page in half collate with the front and back cover and staple the sides together.
      • Suggested books:
          • Fish Eyes: A Book You Can Count On by Lois Ehlert
          • Fish is Fish by Leo Lionni

Lesson: 

  • Fish live in water.
  • Fish have a backbone. They are vertebrates.
  • Fish breathe using gills. They absorb oxygen through the gills.
  • Almost all fish are cold-blooded. 
  • Fish have scales
  • Fish have fins including tail fins.
  • Fish lay many eggs.

Activities: 

Play a fishing game with the children:

  • Place the fish in an imaginary pool such as a rug, tray, construction paper, or fabric.
  • Give each child a chance to “catch” a fish with the fishing pole magnet as each child pulls out a fish, read its characteristic and discuss it with the children.

Make a fish mini book:

  • Read the Fish Eyes book.  
  • Have the children write, “Fish Book” and their name on the front cover.
  • Have children create fish on each page with the characteristic described.
  • A good way to teach children to draw fish is to have them draw an “x” then make a “c” on one side connected to the “x” making the head and a “l” on the other side to make the tail. Have them draw a dot for the eye and a smiling mouth. They can add a fin on top and on the sides if they would like.

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